Internal and individual experience of gender as each person feels it deeply, which may or may not correspond to the sex assigned at the time of birth, including personal experience of the body.
Manifestation of the person’s gender, which could include the way of speaking, mannerisms, way of dressing, personal behavior, behavior or social interaction, bodily modifications, among others.
Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Gender Expression and Sexual Characteristics. (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Gender Expression and Sexual Characteristics). It is the acronym in English to refer to these four fundamental elements of human sexuality.
They are a series of principles on how international human rights law applies to questions of sexual orientation and gender identity. The Principles ratify binding international legal standards that States must comply with.
People who do not identify with the gender identity assigned to them at birth and therefore transit through gender to manifest the one that really identifies them. Trans people build their identity regardless of medical treatments or surgical interventions. The latter correspond to the field of gender expression rather than gender identity.
People assigned to the male gender at birth and who transition to the female gender. They are also called trans women.
People assigned to the female gender at birth and who transition to the male gender. They are also called trans men.
Trans no binaries
People who do not identify with the gender assigned at birth and who move towards a neutral gender, neither female nor male.
People who do identify with the gender they were assigned at birth and therefore do not seek to transit gender.
Persons not in accordance with gender
People who disagree and do not follow social ideas or stereotypes about how people should act or express themselves according to the gender assigned at birth.
“Gender queer” is a general term for people whose gender identity is not included or transcends the binary man and woman.
People with “two spirits” have both male and female spirits. People Two spirits “identify gender as a continuum and include diverse identities, sexual orientations and social roles”
Zapotec term, muxe or muxhe, for a person who was assigned male sex at birth, and who wears clothes and behaves according to an identity of considered female, are seen as a third gender.
People assigned to the male gender at birth and who transition to the female gender. Transvestites claim their right to be transvestites, they do not necessarily want to be women. It is one of the first trans identities that arise in the western world and still remain mostly in more vulnerable social classes.
Binary sex / gender system
Dominant social model in Western culture that “considers that gender and sex encompass only two rigid, opposite and co-dependent categories. Male men with penis and female women with vagina. Such a system or model excludes people who are not framed within the two categories (such as trans and intersex people).
Sex assigned at birth
The assignment of sex is not an innate biological fact; rather, sex is assigned at birth based on the perception that others have about a person’s genitals. Most people are easily classified under this criterion but some people do not fit the binary penis or vagina as is the case of intersex people.
All those situations in which the sexual anatomy of the individual does not physically conform to culturally defined standards for the female or male body. Many intersex people are mutilated at birth so that their genitals fit into the gender binary. The main struggle of the intersex movement is to stop these mutilations and the pathologization of their body diversity.
It refers to the sexual characteristics with which people are born or develop. It is a wide range of representations of the body, for example, variations in the sexual anatomy that expand beyond the binary man (penis) / woman (vagina).
Expectation that all people are cisgender, “that those people who were assigned male at birth always grow to be men and those who were assigned female at birth always grow to be women.”
It is a diagnostic classification present in the DSM or Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association. Too